Skin care is the collection of practices which support healthy skin appearance, alleviate skin disorders and improve its health.
They include proper use of moisturizers, avoidance of sun damage and excessive sun exposure, nourishment of the skin and protection it from the harsh effects of the environment. All these help to maintain skin’s moisture content, elasticity and smoothness.
It also plays a vital role in keeping a person looking young. However, the skin care practices vary according to different skin types.
Some women find it difficult to formulate their own skin-care routine. For them, consulting beauty specialists is not an option. Instead, they take the help of ready-to-use serums or lotions which contain the desired ingredients. A variety of beauty products are available in the market.
The availability of various ingredients, their individual uses and their combinations make the selection of creams a difficult task.
Women who want to buy a good moisturizer need to be careful about its components. They should avoid any ingredient that has been found to be harmful for the health of human beings. Some of the commonly used substances in moisturizers contain parabens, dioxane, alcohols and fragrance.
The presence of any of these substances may make a cream unsuitable for use by people with sensitive skin. They may want to buy a moisturizer containing natural ingredients.
A woman may want to choose a moisturizer containing sunscreen. In fact, many women prefer to use two kinds of sunscreen. One contains a high SPF, while the other has a lower one.
While using a moisturizer containing sunscreen, women should apply it liberally after taking a shower and before going out. Sunscreen acts as a shield against the harmful UV rays of the sun.
When choosing a sunscreen, women need to understand that sun protection factors do not work miracles. The best way to avoid skin cancer and other such problems is to stay under the protection of a sunscreen. It is advisable to use a sunscreen containing at least an SPF of 30.
Women with a fair complexion can use a more concentrated sunscreen with a lower SPF, while those with dark hair, brown eyes and skin should go in for a high SPF sunscreen.
Women who want to know how to apply sunscreen should check whether they have certain sensitivities to sun protection factor. If so, they should carry an SPF sunscreen and use it accordingly.
Women with a habit of regularly touching their face may also have to take some measures for sun protection. This includes covering the whole body – including the hands – with sunscreen.
Women who often develop hyperpigmentation on their faces should also consider making use of sunscreens. Hyperpigmentation is the formation of spots or dark patches on the face, usually in the forehead, near the cheekbones and temples.
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by frequent exposure to sunlight as well as by environmental factors like cold, wind, dust or tanning beds. Women need to have a routine for dealing with such factors, so as to maintain the skin integrity.
Skin care experts recommend daily use of a good moisturizer with an SPF of 30 and better hydration products. Regular washing with a mild cleanser should also help.
Women who are worried about dryness, can add a little moisturizer during their daily routine. In case of severe dryness, they should consult a dermatologist or a skin care expert.
Skin care professionals recommend a twice-day cleansing routine, which should include a cleanser and a toner. The cleanser removes dirt and oil from the face while the toner softens the dry skin.
Women with dry complexions need a moisturizer with a high concentration of vitamins A and E. A good cleansing routine should also involve exfoliation, which helps remove dead skin cells and prevent new ones from accumulating on the face. The routine can be modified according to the severity of the problem and according to the frequency of application of the moisturizer.